In this tutorial, we will learn about recruitment as searching for the right candidate for the job and encouraging them to apply.

It is a process of searching for the right candidate for the job and encouraging them to apply. It is a positive function; as a result, the collection of candidates in response to the vacancy is advertised.

A study on the recruitment process of attracting, shortlisting, selecting, and appointing suitable candidates for jobs within an organization. Recruitment can also refer to processes involved in choosing individuals for unpaid roles.

Sources Of Recruitment: 

It is the use of one or more strategies to attract or identify candidates to fill job vacancies. May involve internal and external recruitment advertising, using appropriate media, such as job portals, local or national newspapers, social media, business media, specialist recruitment media, professional publications, window advertisements, job centers, or various ways the internet. 

Alternatively, employers may use recruitment consultancies or agencies to find otherwise scarce candidates—who, in many cases, maybe content in the current positions and are not actively looking to move. This initial research for candidates—also called name generation—produces contact information for potential candidates, whom the recruiter can then discreetly contact and screen.

Internal Sources   


 External Sources


It is a quick process.It is a lengthy process.
It is economical.It involves cost since vacancies have to be published.
 The choice of candidates is limited.Organizations can hope for talented candidates.
The scope of fresh talent is scarce.External workers feel dissatisfied when external sources are used.


Directing involves supervision, communication, leadership to subordinates, and motivating them to constitute their best. It is another function of management, and It initiates with issuing orders and instructions to the assistants and getting things done by them along with their satisfaction. It is a continuous function.

Essential Elements Of Direction:

  • Issuing orders and instructions.
  • Guiding counseling and teaching the subordinates the proper way of doing the job.
  • They are supervising the work of their assistants to ensure that their performance conforms to the plan.
  • We are maintaining discipline and rewarding effective performance.


Harmony Of Objectives:

The objectives of various individual subordinates should be synchronized to achieve maximum prosperity.

Unity Of Command: 

A subordinate should receive orders and commands from one superior only at a given point in time. The principle is necessary to avoid confusion and conflict.

Unity Of Direction: 

Every group of activity must have a single objective to be achieved by everyone. Every category of work, there should be one plan of action and should execute under the overall control and supervision of one head or superior.

Direct Supervision: 

We are maintaining direct contact with the subordinates, which motivates them for effective functioning.

Democratic Leadership:

Superior should encourage his subordinates to participate, thus respecting their views and opinions.

Follow Up:

Superior should take a follow up of the work done to complete it within the stipulated time.

Importance\Merits\Functions Of Direction:

  • It provides stability and balance in the organization.
  • We are facilitating changes in the organization.
  • It attempts to bring out the maximum from individuals.
  • We are initiating action.
  • It integrates employee’s efforts.